Dental Abscess in Cats | Cat Health Collection

Plants toxic to cats
Plants toxic to cats - A - Z guide to toxic plants

cat vaccinations
Vaccinating your cat - Everything you need to know about cat vaccinations.

Hyperthyroidism in cats
Hyperthyroidism - Caused by a benign tumour of the thyroid gland which produces excess amounts of hormones which increase metabolism.

Cat fleas
Cat fleas - Everything you need to know about cat fleas and how to get rid of them.



Cat World > Cat Health > Dental Abscess in Cats

Dental Abscess in Cats

A dental abscess is a localised collection of pus, (a foul smelling thick white/yellow liquid that is primarily made up of dead white blood cells and bacteria) located within the tooth or surrounding tissues. Dental abscesses can occur for a number of reasons.

Bacteria from a dental cavity descending into the inner part of the tooth and gum, resulting in the body mounting an immune response and walling off the affected area.

Trauma such as a broken tooth. Trauma can occur as a result of an accident (hit by a car), or biting down on something hard.

FORL lesions - Also known as resorptive lesions, feline resorptive lesions, neck lesion, cavities, cervical line lesions and invasive resorptions, these painful lesions are one of the most common dental problems in cats. Lesions usually begin under the gingival margin and are caused by odontoclasts which are cells who's role is to absorb the bone and roots of deciduous (baby) teeth. In the case of FORL, these cells reabsorb the adult teeth.  Lesions typically occur under the gum line, making early identification difficult.   Premolars are most often affected. Your cat will display extreme sensitivity if these lesions are touched.

There are three types of  dental abscess:

  • Gingival abscess -  An abscess of the gum tissue.
  • Periodontal abscess - An abscess of the gum.
  • Periapical abscess - An abscess of the dental pulp.

What are the symptoms of dental abscess in cats?

How is a dental abscess diagnosed?

Your veterinarian will perform a physical examination of your cat, carefully paying attention to the mouth and face. Most dental abscesses can be diagnosed just by examining your cat, however, in some cases, your veterinarian may need to perform an x-ray.

How is a dental abscess treated?

Your cat will need to be sedated and the abscess lanced and cleaned out. He will be put on a course of antibiotics.

Most cases will require that the affected tooth be extracted at the time of treatment.

Home care:

You will be required to give your cat antibiotics for 7-10 days.

Your cat may also be sent home with pain medication to manage any discomfort.

Offer your cat soft food until he is fully healed.

Preventing dental abscesses:

Proper dental hygiene is extremely important not only in preventing dental abscesses but many other dental problems such as gingivitis and periodontal disease.

Regularly clean your cat's teeth with a cat toothbrush and cat toothpaste. Do not use human toothpaste on your cat.

Include in his diet raw chicken necks or legs chopped up cuts of cheap beef, these foods help to clean the teeth.

Speak to your veterinarian about prescription "oral care" biscuits.

Regularly check your cat's mouth for signs of tartar or dental problems.

Also see:

Common dental problems in cats   Cat teeth dental care



Dental Abscess in Cats | Cat Health Collection
Cat Breed Profiles
Maine Coon profile Maine Coon
Affectionately known as coonies, the Maine Coon is the largest breed of domestic cat.
Bengal breed profile Bengal
Originally christened the Leopardette, the Bengal cat is a hybridization of domestic cats and Asian Leopard Cats (a small wild cat)
Ragdoll breed profile Ragdoll
The Ragdoll is an extremely laid back and placid breed of cat whose history dates back to the 1960's with a white female cat named Josephine.
Burmese breed profile Burmese
The Burmese cat is a popular breed of cat and for good reason. They are the third most searched breed of cat on this site.
Persian breed profile Persian
One of, if not the most popular breed, the Persian is one of the oldest known breeds of cat.


Dental Abscess in Cats | Cat Health Collection