The cruciate ligament is a pair of ligaments which form an X shape within the knee of the hind leg. These ligaments attach the femur (thigh bone) with the tibia (shinbone), the long bones above and below the knee joint (which is known as the stifle joint in quadruped/four-footed animals).
All domesticated cats (Felis catus) are descended from the wildcat (Felis sylvestris lybica) which is native to the Middle East. It is believed that domestication developed with farmers between in the Neolithic period between 9,000 and 10,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent of the Near East.
Cat poop is something most pet owners would rather not spend time thinking about let alone studying, but our cat's poop can give us a window into their overall health. Did you know, there is a well-known chart known as the Bristol stool chart which identifies the different types of feces we pass.
There are many words for poop, including stool, feces, poo, stool. I will try to stick with the word stool for this article to avoid confusion.
Diabetes is an endocrine disorder in which the pancreas doesn't make enough (or any) insulin due to the destruction of the pancreatic beta cells (type 1 diabetes) or the cells within the body fail to respond to insulin, known as insulin resistance (type 2 diabetes). When this happens, glucose builds up in the blood but the cells are starved of glucose required for energy.
Most of the complications are related to uncontrolled diabetes, which highlights the importance of diligent control as well as regular monitoring and a close relationship with your veterinarian who will need to closely monitor the diabetic cat.
I recently wrote an article on immunocompromised people who live with cats and way to reduce the risks for those individuals. This article will focus on cats who have compromised immune systems and ways we can keep them healthy.
The immune system is there to protect the cat. It is made up of a number of chemicals, cells, tissues and organs which have many roles in defending him against disease-causing organisms as well as removing tumour cells. When the immune system isn't functioning as it should, invading organisms can take a hold.
Disinfectants are chemicals used in the environment (such as floors, kitchen benches, litter trays) to kill microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, protozoa, parasites and fungi. They are an essential part of feline husbandry and help to keep cats and people safe from potentially dangerous pathogens.
Nausea is the feeling of sickness and is often a precursor to actual vomiting (medically known as emesis) although not all cats who are nauseous do go on to vomit. Prolonged vomiting can be extremely debilitating to cats.
Bladder worms are small, hair-like worms (they are known as hairworms) which are between 16-50 mm in length, females are larger than males. The worms attach to, or bury themselves into the bladder mucosa and sometimes in the pelvis of the kidney or urethra of the host. Infection is known as capillariasis.
It is a common practice among multi-cat households to have several cats eat out of the same bowl. To be perfectly honest, it's not something I had thought about until I saw a recent article on feeding dogs from separate bowls, which had me asking if it was a better thing for cats, too.
Obviously one bowl is easy. It saves space, less washing up, easier all around, but what about the cats?